NAVI MUMBAI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT



Navi Mumbai International Airport is an under construction Greenfield international airport being built at Kopar-Panvel in Maharashtra, India. It is being developed as the second international airport for the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It will function alongside the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA) and will make up India's first urban multi-airport system. The Rs. 16,000 crore project will be executed by Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL), which won the contract in February 2017. MIAL is a Joint Venture between the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and the GVK Industries Ltd led consortium. City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) is the nodal government agency for the project which will be built through public–private partnership (PPP) on a 'design, build, finance, operate and transfer' (DBFOT) basis. MIAL will hold 74% equity in the airport with the AAI and CIDCO each holding 13%.

The airport project, aimed at easing air traffic congestion at CSIA, has been delayed due to property disputes. The airport covers an area of 2,320 hectares (9.0 sq. mi.) negotiated between the government and the project affected people (PAP) from five villages. On 13th February 2017 GVK won the bid to build and operate the airport. With the pre-development work having been started by CIDCO, the full-fledged construction is slated to be started by the end of 2017 and the airport is expected to start commercial operation by 2020.

Clearance and Tender

The project was first conceived in November 1997 when the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) constituted a Committee to examine the various sites for a second airport for Mumbai. The committee recommended a site at Mandwa-Rewas in June 2000, since the proposed airport was to have a single runway.

In September that year, CIDCO revised the original proposal to provide for a pair of parallel runways and submitted its feasibility report to the MoCA. AAI's sub-committee that examined the Navi Mumbai site found it technically and operationally feasible and suggested that CIDCO carry out a detailed Techno- Economic Feasibility Study (TEFS) of the project. The TEFS was submitted in 2001 following which the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) conducted a Simulation Study which confirmed that simultaneous operation of two airports was possible with appropriate procedures in place. In February 2007, CIDCO submitted Project Feasibility and Business Plan Report to the MoCA and the project received in-principle approval from the Union Cabinet in July.

In July 2008, the Government of Maharashtra granted approval for development of the project on PPP basis and appointed CIDCO as the nodal agency for its implementation. The project received Defence clearance by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) by the end of 2010. The site had several environmental problems in dealing with mangroves and rain/storm water drains in Panvel. There is an NGO fighting government agencies regarding Panvel. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) gave its clearance for the Navi Mumbai international airport on 14 May 2008. The environmental ministry finally cleared the project on 23 November 2010.

Cidco invited global tenders for requests for qualification (RFQ) on 5 February 2014. The agency received 9 bids and shortlisted 4 bidders, including GMR Group, the GVK-led MIAL, Hiranandani Developers, Zurich Airport and Mia Infrastructure with Tata Realty and Infrastructure. It submitted their RFQs to the project management committee (PMC) for scrutiny. The PMC will submit its report to the Maharashtra Chief Minister who must approve the project, before it receives final approval from the Ministry of Civil Aviation. GVK was the only bidder in the final two rounds of bidding, causing CIDCO to extend the deadline for the tender twice. Subsequently, the GMR Group submitted a bid. On 13 February 2017, GVK-led MIAL was announced as the winning bidder. GVK offered CIDCO a 12.6% share in revenue compared to the 10.44% offered by the GMR Group.

Airport plans

The coastal land required is about 2,900 ha (7,200 acres) with 1,320 ha (3,300 acres) for the core airport activity and another 245 ha (610 acres) on Waghivali Island to be developed as Mangrove Park and will have two parallel runways each 3,800 m (12,467 ft.) long. It is to be located on National Highway 4B near Panvel, about 35 km (22 mi) from the existing Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.

The airport will have a terminal area of 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq. ft.) and a cargo area of 100,000 m2 (1,100,000 sq. ft.) and handle 50 - 55 million passengers annually. The site of airport is located in an area of 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq. mi).

The new airport will cater to 35 million passengers by 2020, 55 million by 2025, and 90 million by 2030, according to CIDCO.

Runways

The airport is to have two parallel runways, 12,500 ft. × 60 ft. (3,810 m × 18 m) and spaced 1,550 m (5,090 ft.) apart (ICAO minimum requirement is 1,090 m (3,580 ft.) with provision of full length taxi ways on either side of the runways. The runways will be connected to the apron by taxiways with the approach road to the terminal passing underneath. The code 4-F airport will be able to host new-generation aircraft like the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8.

Cost

CIDCO's RFQ states that the estimated total project cost for the development of phase 1 and 2 of NMIA will be Rs. 9,500 crore (US$1.5 billion). The cost of pre-development work is estimated at Rs. 2,358 crore (US$370 million), which includes Rs. 1,538 crore (US$240 million) of land development for airport and Rs. 800 crore (US$120 million) for other works.

Connectivity

National Highway 4B will provide the main road access to the airport from the east, whereas the Aamra Marg will allow access from the west. The planned Sewri-Nhava Sheva Trans Harbour Link will connect the airport with Mumbai. The new airport will have a 10-lane approach road to its terminal building flanked by its two runways.

Work

The airport is expected to open in 2019. The deadline was extended by Mr. Devendra Fadnavis the CM of Maharashtra.

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